Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that examines the health and disease conditions of the teeth and tissues around them, and aims to diagnose and treat the diseases that occur in these tissues and to protect the health obtained after treatment.
Inadequate or ineffective oral and dental care accelerates the formation of gum problems. Gum diseases are very common at a high level of 75% in the society. When gingivitis increases, it causes melting of the bone tissue holding the teeth, and the teeth are loosened and lost even if they are not caries. When gum diseases progress, it also affects our general health negatively.
The first stage of intraoral examination begins with visual and manual examination methods. However, an examination limited to this is never enough, our biggest assistant in this regard is intraoral x-ray films. If film is required for any problem related to a single tooth, small films are taken, which we call periapical films, which are of 2 types depending on the case.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other tissues that support the teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. These diseases can be treated easily and successfully when diagnosed at an early stage. Prevention or treatment of gum disease; It also brings other benefits such as the protection of natural teeth, more comfortable chewing and better digestion.
It has the appearance of an orange peel, enveloping the tooth, pink and hard consistency.
The gums become inflamed due to the soft bacterial plaque. During this period, it begins to bleed. If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into calculus.
Soft tissues swell, fibers break, gums separate from teeth, and bone begins to dissolve.
Deep gingival pockets are cleaned with curettage, and root surface smoothing is applied to the surface that has lost its lubricity.
In gingival diseases that have progressed to the bone tissue, flap operation can be performed under limited anesthesia.
Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty
In addition, gingival shortening (gingivectomy) and shaping (gingivoplasty) treatments can be performed for aesthetic or therapeutic purposes.